Counseling Psychology Degree and Career Guide
Counseling psychology has been recognized as a specialty in professional psychology by the American Psychological Association (APA) since 1998.1 Counseling psychology is a general practice in the field, focusing on how people function–personally and in their interpersonal relationships with others. It seeks to address the emotional, social, work, and school issues people face throughout their lives.
Counseling psychologists must complete a doctoral-level program, such as a PhD in Psychology or a Doctor of Psychology (PsyD), which typically take around four to six years. Those with master’s degrees in clinical psychology may be able to practice in the field in supervised roles.
Beginning with an undergraduate degree in psychology is the most common path, followed by a master’s degree (if not included in the doctoral study) and a doctoral degree in the field. Once a doctoral degree is obtained, counseling psychologists seek licensure in their state, which typically involves completing related experience under the supervision of a licensed psychologist and taking one or more exams, depending on the state.
- There are 311 not-for-profit colleges and universities with counseling psychology programs.2
- 9 schools offer a certificate in counseling psychology.2
- 5 schools offer an associate degree in counseling psychology.2
- 33 schools offer a bachelor’s degree in counseling psychology.2
- 281 schools offer a master’s or advanced degree in counseling psychology.2
Table of Contents
- Counseling Psychology Degree Requirements and Coursework
- Best Value Schools With On-Campus Counseling Psychology Programs
- Select Counseling Psychology Degree Programs
- Counseling Psychologist Career Information
- Becoming a Counseling Psychologist
- Job Description
- Salary and Job Outlook
- Additional Resources
- Frequently Asked Questions
Counseling Psychology Degree Requirements and Coursework
At the graduate level, psychology students should narrow their focus to one area of psychology to receive specialized education that will prepare them for their unique career choices. Counseling psychology is one specialization (also called concentration, specialty, or emphasis) within the broad field of clinical psychology that addresses the psychology of people within their everyday lives. This might include assisting clients with daily stress management, specific mental disorders, and coping with difficult or negative life events.
Counseling psychology degree programs typically offer courses in core research design and statistics; human growth and development; cognitive behavior; and counseling theory and research. At least one practicum and some clinical training are also required. Requirements for advanced counseling psychology programs commonly include a bachelor’s degree (sometimes in psychology or a related field), a GPA of at least 3.0, and acceptable GRE scores. Some programs might require professional experience and/or references. Sample coursework for students of counseling psychology programs include:
- Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse
- Atypical Growth and Development
- Career Counseling
- Cognitive Assessment
- Counseling in Community Settings
- Ethical Issues in Counseling
- Group Counseling
- Multicultural Counseling
- Psychopathology: Diagnosis and Intervention
- Theories of Counseling
Best Value Schools With On-Campus Counseling Psychology Programs
The table below represents the best value colleges and universities offering an on-campus counseling psychology program at the graduate level. To compile this table, we researched not-for-profit schools with the highest graduation rates (70% or above) and the lowest net prices (below $20,000 per year). Keep in mind that the data available is based on undergraduate statistics for each school, as graduate statistics are not available from the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES). We have also included other information to help you in your search, such as percentage of faculty with tenure, names of applicable degrees, and US News & World Report national rankings.
|School||Graduate Degree(s)||US News National Rank3||Grad Rate2||% Tenured Faculty4||Net Price2|
|Appalachian State University||MA Clinical Mental Health Counseling;|
MA Professional School Counseling
|University of Iowa||PhD Counseling Psychology||#89 tie||74%||48%||$14,845|
|University of Oregon||PhD Counseling Psychology||#102 tie||72%||36%||$15,100|
|University of Florida||PhD Counseling Psychology||#35 tie||88%||52%||$15,283|
|University of Wisconsin-Madison||MS Counseling Psychology;|
PhD Counseling Psychology
|University of Georgia||PhD Counseling Psychology||#46 tie||85%||54%||$15,934|
|University at Buffalo||PhD Counseling Psychology/|
|Texas A&M University-College Station||PhD Counseling Psychology||#66 tie||82%||49%||$19,554|
Select Counseling Psychology Degree Programs
Traditional Master’s Programs
The Clinical Mental Health Counseling (CMHC) program at Appalachian State University (ASU or App State) offers concentrations in several areas: General Clinical Mental Health Counseling, Addictions Counseling, Marriage and Family Counseling, Expressive Arts Therapy, and Body Centered Therapy. Each of these concentrations requires a minimum of nine credit hours of study. The Master of Arts (MA) in CMHC program includes core courses such as Research Methods; Social and Cultural Diversity in Counseling and Therapy; Career Development and Counseling; Helping Relationships; and Group Methods and Processes, in addition to specialty courses like Introduction to Clinical Mental Health Counseling as well as Developmental Assessment and Diagnosis in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. The total number of credit hours required for graduation in the MA program is 60, with 18 being concentration and elective hours. App State’s Clinical Mental Health Counseling program prepares graduates to work as professional counselors in mental health centers, social service agencies, private practice, business, government, and educational institutions.
Towson University in Towson, Maryland offers a Master of Arts (MA) in Psychology with a concentration in Counseling Psychology. The program trains its students to facilitate personal, educational, vocational, and group change for individuals of all ages. The MA degree offers two tracks: a practitioner track and a research track. The practitioner track focuses on training students to be counselors and therapists at the master’s level. The research track prepares students for successful entrance into a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) program, with intensive training in research methodology, statistics, and a master’s-level thesis. Both tracks require the completion of 48 credit hours including supervised practicum and internship experiences. Admission requirements include a minimum undergraduate GPA of 3.0, official transcripts, a letter of intent, and three letters of recommendation. Successful candidates will be required to interview with the faculty of the counseling psychology program.
The University of Wisconsin-Madison’s Department of Counseling Psychology offers a Master of Science (MS) in Counseling. Its curriculum satisfies Wisconsin’s licensure requirement as a 60-credit program. The MS degree takes two years of full-time study, including summers, to complete, plus a third year dedicated to an internship or practicum with an approved on-site supervisor. Required for admission are three letters of recommendation and official transcripts. Admission is competitive; of the 150 master’s applications the school receives each year, only 10 to 12 applicants are accepted. While the master’s is considered a terminal degree, many MS students go on to pursue a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in counseling psychology, also offered by UM-Madison, as the two programs are closely aligned in their preparation of counseling professionals.
Traditional PhD Programs
Indiana University in Bloomington (IU-Bloomington) currently offers a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) program in Counseling Psychology that has been ranked in US News & World Report’s Best Grad Schools for Student Counseling and Personnel Services. Based on a scientist-practitioner model, the PhD program at IU-Bloomington places a strong emphasis on multicultural issues and social justice. Graduates work as psychologists in college counseling centers, faculty members in higher education, and psychologists in a broad range of healthcare facilities. Accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA), the program is 90 credit hours, research-intensive, and gives students real-world experience as counselors and counselor supervisors. A master’s degree or undergraduate degree in psychology is preferred. Coursework covers the areas of psychological measurement, statistics, cognitive behavior, intervention strategies, and an area of specialization. Three letters of recommendation, official transcripts, and a personal goal statement are required for admission. GRE scores are encouraged for applicants interested in fellowships.
The Department of Educational Psychology at the University of Kansas (KU) offers a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Counseling Psychology that has been accredited by the APA since 1955. Following a scientist-practitioner model, the doctoral program trains its students in the areas of clinical treatment and academic research. Admission requirements include an undergraduate GPA of 3.5 or higher, official transcripts, a statement of intent, a resume, and a degree (undergraduate or graduate) in psychology, education, counseling, or a related field. KU’s PhD program accepts only six to eight new students each year. The curriculum includes courses in Diagnosis and Psychopathology; Understanding Cultural & Individual Differences; Human Development; Ethical and Legal Issues; and Counseling Theory and Techniques. Students are also expected to complete a practicum or internship to gain real experience in the field.
Online and Hybrid Programs
Fisher College offers a Master of Arts (MA) in Counseling Psychology as a general degree, or with tracks in Trauma or Addictions Counseling, that can be completed in a hybrid format, with classes on campus in Boston and online. The MA program takes 60 credits to complete (20 three-credit courses), which can be completed in six terms or 24 months. Graduates meet the educational requirements for licensure as Licensed Mental Health Counselors (LMHC) in Massachusetts as well as other states. Students in this degree program take core coursework in subjects like counseling techniques and psychopharmacology and learn about treating clients who have experienced physical, emotional, and sexual trauma or chronic illness. Specific courses include Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling; Crisis Intervention and Disaster Mental Health; Psychological Assessment and Techniques; Evidence Based Practices for the Treatment of Addiction (Addictions track); and Psychological Trauma Across the Lifespan (Trauma track).
Seton Hall University offers a combined Master of Arts (MA) and Educational Specialist (EdS) degree in Professional Counseling that can be completed online. Both degrees can be obtained for a total of 60 credits, with the MA comprising 48 credits and the EdS comprising an additional 12 credits. The program does not accept transfer students or transfer credits. Admission to Seton Hall University’s professional counseling program requires official transcripts showing a minimum GPA of 3.0, a resume, three letters of recommendation from academic and professional colleagues, and a personal statement. Courses include Counseling Theory, Psychology of Human Development, Abnormal Psychology, Orientation to Professional Counseling, Etiology and Treatment of Addictions, and Couple & Family Dynamics. Two on-site, four-day residencies are required with expenses included in tuition, excluding transportation.
Western Michigan University’s (WMU) College of Education and the Department of Counselor Education and Counseling Psychology offers a hybrid doctoral program in counseling psychology. Required documents include a resume or curriculum vitae (CV), three letters of recommendation, and a written statement of intent. The counseling psychology Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) program, which is based on a scientist-practitioner model, began in 1978 and has been accredited by the APA since 1993. Coursework is focused on professional issues and ethics, consultation, vocational psychology, and multicultural counseling. A 2,000-hour pre-doctoral internship in an APA/APPIC setting is required for graduation, as well as a dissertation. The program is proud to be culturally diverse in its student population.
Counseling Psychologist Career Information
How to Become a Counseling Psychologist
In all states, becoming licensed as a counseling psychologist requires earning a doctoral degree in psychology (a PsyD or a PhD). In addition to pursuing an advanced degree, prospective psychologists must gain extensive supervised experience and take a required exam (or exams) before being eligible to practice as psychologists. The general steps for becoming a counseling psychologist are:
- Earn a bachelor’s degree and (optionally) a master’s degree in psychology or a related field.
- Earn an accredited PsyD or PhD in Psychology with a specialization in counseling psychology.
- Complete the postdoctoral supervised clinical experience required by your state.
- Pass the required exam(s), including the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP).
- Apply for and receive a license from your state psychology board.
- Begin practicing as a counseling psychologist in your state.
- Complete continuing educational requirements to keep your license current.
Counseling psychologists help people deal with emotional, physical, and mental health issues, attempting to resolve crises and minimize stressors. They may assess, diagnose, and treat mild-to-severe psychological symptoms and aid in crisis intervention, trauma management, and family or relationship issue resolution. Counseling psychologists may be employed by colleges and universities, independent practices, or community health centers. In an academic setting, they may be teachers or researchers. In independent settings, they may provide counseling, assessment, and consultation to individuals, families, or organizations, helping them to alleviate stresses, improve relationships, or cope with psychological issues. Other counseling psychologists may work with veterans, people struggling with substance use, or children. People with counseling psychology degrees may seek job titles including:
- Behavioral health counselor
- Case worker
- Career counselor
- Clinical psychologist*
- Professional counselor
*A doctoral degree is usually required for this job title.
Salary and Job Outlook
In May 2022, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that clinical and counseling psychologists earned an average annual salary of $102,740.5 California had the highest number of clinical and counseling psychologists in 2022 (8,780).5 Other states with high employment levels for these types of psychologists include Illinois, New York, Florida, and Pennsylvania.5 New Jersey had the highest mean wage for clinical and counseling psychologists ($164,110), followed by Oregon, New York, Arkansas, and California.5
The employment outlook for counseling psychologists is positive, with predicted job growth of 10.4% for clinical, counseling, and school psychologists from 2020 to 2030.6 That predicted growth is much faster than the national average for all jobs of 5% and faster than the expected growth for all psychologists of 2%.6
- Society of Counseling Psychology (SCP): The SCP is the APA’s Division of Counseling Psychology (Division 17) which seeks to promote personal, educational, vocational, and group adjustment through bringing together psychologists, students of psychology, and professional affiliates.
- American Counseling Association (ACA): With 56,000 members, the ACA is the world’s largest association of professional counselors in a variety of settings. It offers members access to webinars, publications, and continuing education opportunities.
Frequently Asked Questions
What can I do with a degree in counseling psychology?
Obtaining a counseling psychology degree can afford you many career opportunities, including jobs at universities, health centers, and independent practices. With a degree in counseling psychology, you can help people of all ages deal with and overcome problems.
How long will it take me to get my degree in counseling psychology?
Typically, a doctoral program in counseling psychology will take four to six years and a master’s program will take an average of two years. Check with the individual college or university to look into the typical coursework and time required to complete the degree.
What major do you need to be a counseling psychologist?
To become a licensed counseling psychologist in all states, you will need a PhD in Psychology or a Doctor of Psychology (PsyD). Some states have related psychology licenses available for those with a master’s in psychology. At the undergraduate level, the most relevant major you can choose is psychology. A related major, such as counseling, might also be a good choice for prospective psychologists. You can read more about psychology degrees on our psychology degrees page.
How much do counseling psychologists make?
According to the BLS, counseling psychologists, who are grouped with clinical psychologists, earn an average salary of $102,740 per year.5 Factors that affect counseling psychologists’ salaries include location, years of experience, and employer.
What does a counseling psychologist do?
Counseling psychologists help people work through problems from day-to-day stresses to family or work relationships to traumatic events and psychological disorders. Licensed counseling psychologists meet with clients and can assess, diagnose, and treat symptoms if necessary.
Can I become a mental health counselor with a counseling psychology degree?
In some states, a degree in counseling psychology can qualify you to become a licensed mental health counselor. It is best to check with your state’s board of professional counselors if that is your intent.
What is the difference between a clinical psychologist and a counseling psychologist?
Both types of psychologists are qualified to practice independently and provide psychotherapy and counseling services to their clients. While there is some overlap between the two fields, on a basic level clinical psychology tends to be more concerned with mental health disturbances while counseling psychology tends to be more focused on advice and guidance. A counseling psychologist may treat individuals who are facing temporary problems whereas a clinical psychologist might be more likely to treat individuals with chronic psychological struggles. However, this is certainly not always the case, and the lines between the two fields have become more blurred over time.7
1. American Psychological Association, Counseling Psychology: https://www.apa.org/ed/graduate/specialize/counseling
2. National Center for Education Statistics College Navigator: https://nces.ed.gov/collegenavigator/
3. US News & World Report National University Rankings: https://www.usnews.com/best-colleges/rankings/national-universities
4. College Factual: https://www.collegefactual.com/
5. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, Clinical and Counseling Psychologists: https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes193033.htm
6. Projections Central, Long Term Occupational Projections: https://projectionscentral.org/Projections/LongTerm
7. Society of Counseling Psychology, American Psychological Association Division 17, “Counseling Psychology vs Clinical Psychology:” https://www.div17.org/