Minnesota Psychology Licensure Requirements
Gaining a license to practice psychology in Minnesota is a multi-step process. You will need to earn a bachelor’s degree (and an optional master’s degree), finish a doctoral program in psychology, complete a certain number of supervised hours, and pass national and state exams. All of these requirements will be documented in an application to the Minnesota Board of Psychology, which is the state organization that administers psychology licenses. To help you navigate this process, we’ve prepared this guide with step-by-step instructions on becoming a licensed psychologist in Minnesota. We’ve also included answers to common questions such as:
» How do I become a psychologist in Minnesota?
» I have earned a PhD or PsyD and I am ready to learn how to get a psychologist license in Minnesota.
» What are Minnesota supervised professional experience rules and regulations?
» What psychology exams are required in Minnesota?
» I am already a licensed psychologist in another state; how do I become licensed in Minnesota by endorsement?
» How do I renew my psychology license in Minnesota?
» How much do psychologists in Minnesota make?
Three Steps to Becoming a Psychologist in Minnesota
Although the process of becoming a psychologist in Minnesota may seem complicated, there are just three main steps you will need to complete. First, you will need to complete educational requirements, which include a bachelor’s degree (in any subject area) and a doctoral degree in psychology, along with an optional master’s degree. Then, you will be able to start the formal process of applying for licensure in Minnesota, including submitting an application to the Board, passing two exams, and completing a year of supervised work experience. After that, you should be eligible to receive your psychologist license in Minnesota.
1. Earn a bachelor’s degree and an (optional) master’s degree in psychology.
If you plan to become a psychologist in Minnesota, your first step will be to complete a bachelor’s degree. These degrees typically take four years (120 credit hours) to complete and you will earn either a Bachelor of Arts (BA) or a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree when you are finished. Both of these degrees are accepted by graduate programs in psychology. Although majoring in psychology for your bachelor’s degree can provide a good foundation for your graduate studies (see Step 2 below), it is not required and many students major in other subjects at this stage.
An optional step after you complete a bachelor’s degree is to enroll in a stand-alone master’s degree program in psychology. The length of these programs can vary, but they usually take around two years (35-45 credit hours) to complete. Some programs award Master of Arts (MA) degrees and others award Master of Science (MS) degrees. A stand-alone master’s degree can be a good option for anyone who did not study psychology for their bachelor’s degree or people who want more experience before applying to doctoral programs. However, most doctoral students in psychology earn master’s degrees during their programs, so this step is not required. If you choose to enroll in a master’s degree program in psychology, you may need to meet educational prerequisites before you are admitted, particularly if you did not take many psychology courses before this point.
2. Earn a PsyD or PhD in psychology.
After completing your bachelor’s degree (and an optional master’s degree), your next step will be to complete a doctoral degree in psychology. The duration of these programs varies based on coursework, research, and clinical requirements, but they usually take four to seven years to complete. There are two types of doctoral degrees in psychology: a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in psychology and a Doctor of Psychology (PsyD). If you are not sure which type of program would be the best for you, please see the American Psychological Association’s (APA) page describing the differerences between these degrees.
An applicant for licensure in Minnesota must have graduated from a program that meets a number of educational requirements including coursework in specific subjects and direct experience in the practice of psychology. Programs accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA) and the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA) are automatically approved by the Board. If you did not attend one of these programs, your transcript will need to reflect that your program met these requirements or you may be asked to provide additional information. Your training must also include a predoctoral internship that is at least one year (1,800 work hours) long.
For more information about programs to consider, please visit our page on Psychology Schools in Minnesota.
3. Get licensed to practice psychology in Minnesota.
Once you have completed a bachelor’s degree, an optional master’s degree, and a doctoral degree in psychology, you will be eligible to begin the process of becoming licensed in Minnesota. This involves completing a year of supervised postdoctoral work, passing two exams, and submitting an application to the Board. Below are step-by-step instructions for each of these tasks.
Minnesota Psychologist Licensing Process
1. Submit an application to the Board.
After completing your doctoral degree, your first step towards obtaining your Minnesota psychology license will be to submit an application for licensure to the Board through their online portal. Along with this application, you will also need to pay a total of $532 in fees to the Board, which covers the licensure fee, an FBI background check fee, and a Minnesota criminal history check fee. The online application contains instructions for all of the information you will need to provide during this step. You do not have to complete the parts of the application that document your supervised postdoctoral hours (see Step 2 below).
2. Gain two years of supervised professional experience in your area of training.
To be granted a psychology license in Minnesota, you must complete one year (1,800 hours) of supervised postdoctoral work as in psychology, in addition to the year of predoctoral experience you received during your doctoral program. These hours must be completed in no fewer than 12 months and no more than 30; also, you cannot count more than 50 hours of work in a given week towards this experience. Activities that count towards these hours include direct work with patients, administrative tasks related to clinical work, research, and teaching.
While you are completing your supervised experience, you must receive at least two hours of supervision each week if you are working full time and at least one hour must be individual supervision. If you are working less than full time to earn these hours, the amount of weekly supervision can be adjusted so that you are receiving an equivalent proportion of supervision for your work hours. Your primary supervisor during this time must be a licensed psychologist or an individual with a doctoral degree in psychology who has the appropriate skills and knowledge to provide supervision.
Once you have completed your supervised postdoctoral hours, you will need to update the licensure application you completed in Step 1. For this, you will log into the online portal and complete all parts of the application that document your postdoctoral hours.
3. Apply for and pass the Minnesota psychology licensing exams.
Another requirement for licensure in Minnesota is to pass two exams: the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP) and Minnesota’s Professional Responsibility Exam (PRE). The Board will notify you when you have been granted permission to sign up for these tests, which is based on their review of your licensure application completed in Step 1 has been reviewed by the Board. Note that you can take these exams while you are still working on your supervised postdoctoral hours.
The EPPP tests your knowledge of psychology across a variety of domains. It is a national exam that consists of 225 multiple-choice items and you need to earn a scaled score of 500 or higher to pass. To take the EPPP, you will need to pay a $150 fee to the Board as well as $687.50 in fees to the testing company.
The PRE consists of questions about the Minnesota Psychology Practice Act Rules of Conduct. To take the PRE, you will need to pay a $150 fee to the Board and a $100 fee to the testing center when you schedule your exam.
EPPP and PRE scores should be automatically transferred to the Board after you pass these tests, so you should not have to provide any additional documentation for these.
4. Wait for your psychology license to be issued.
Your When you have completed and documented all of the above steps, the Board will notify you when your license has been issued and you are eligible to practice psychology independently.
Minnesota Licensure by Reciprocity
If you are licensed as a psychologist in a different state, you may want to transfer your license to Minnesota. You are eligible to apply for licensure by reciprocity if you have a doctoral degree in psychology and have been licensed in another jurisdiction for at least five years with a clean record. If you meet these criteria, you can submit an application through the online licensure portal along with a $500 application fee. You will also need to take the Professional Responsibility Exam, which costs a total of $250 ($150 paid to the Board and $100 to the testing center).
Licensing Renewal and Continuing Professional Education Information
You will need to renew your Minnesota psychologist license every two years to keep it valid. The application for renewal is on Minnesota’s online licensing portal and you will need to pay $500 each time you renew your license.
During each renewal period, you also need to earn 40 continuing education (CE) credits. One hour of a Board-approved CE activity is equal to one credit, and any extra credits you earn cannot be carried over to the next renewal period. A variety of activities are eligible for CE credits, including attending presentations, teaching classes, or publishing an article. There are limits to how many CE hours you can earn from some activities (see the “eligible CEs” tab on this page for more details). CE activities that are approved by the APA or the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards (ASPPB) are automatically approved by the Board to count towards CE requirements. If you are interested in CE activities that are not approved by one of these organizations, you can request pre-approval from the Board to ensure that you will be able to count the hours. The Board also provides a helpful list of pre-approved CE activities on their website.
Minnesota Psychology Jobs and Salary Information
According to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the average yearly salary across all types of psychologists in Minnesota is $80,373.1 Psychologists in the “all other” category earn the most money, with an average yearly income of $86,420.1 Counseling, clinical, and school psychologists earn an average of $82,130, while postsecondary psychology teachers earn an average of $72,570.1
The future is promising for anyone planning to look for a psychology job in Minnesota between 2016 and 2026. During this 10-year period, the overall number of psychologist jobs is expected to increase by 9.85%.2 The most growth is expected to be in clinical, counseling, and school psychology, where jobs are projected to increase by 11.9%.2 Psychology jobs in the “all other” category are expected to increase by 7.8%.2
|Occupation||Number Employed||Average Annual Salary|
|Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists||3,350||$82,130|
|Psychologists, All Other||270||$86,420|
|Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary||610||$72,570|
Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics as of May 2017.1
Frequently Asked Questions
How long does it take to become a psychologist in Minnesota?
The minimum requirements for a psychology license in Minnesota are a doctoral degree in psychology, completion of two exams, and 1,800 hours of supervised experience. These steps usually take about 10 years to complete, but the amount of time can vary based on the requirements of the programs you attend, whether you earn an optional stand-alone master’s degree, and how long it takes you to earn your supervised postdoctoral hours.
What degree do I need to be a licensed psychologist in Minnesota?
To earn a license to practice psychology in Minnesota, you will need to complete either a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in psychology or a Doctor of Psychology (PsyD) degree. Before applying for for these programs, you will need to earn a bachelor’s degree and may also choose to earn master’s degree in psychology, though this degree is optional.
How much do psychologists in Minnesota make?
The average salary for psychologists, including teachers, in Minnesota is $80,373.1 Specifically, counseling, clinical, and school psychologists make an average salary of $82,130, postsecondary psychology teachers earn an average of $72,570, and psychologists in the “all other” category have an average salary of $86,420.1
- Minnesota Board of Psychology – State Board that oversees psychology licensure; website has comprehensive information on licensure procedures and CE opportunities.
- Minnesota Psychological Association (MPA) – State organization with a variety of resources for psychologists including CE programs.
- Minnesota School Psychologists Association (MSPA) – State organization in support of school psychology practitioners.
- American Psychological Association (APA) – National organization to support and advance the field of psychology.
1. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, May 2017 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates, Minnesota: https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_mn.htm
2. Long Term Occupational Projections (2016-2026): https://www.projectionscentral.com/Projections/LongTerm