Vermont Psychology Licensure Requirements

If you are curious about how to become a licensed psychologist in the state of Vermont, this guide will help you navigate the multi-step process. The Vermont Board of Psychological Examiners oversees and regulates all psychology licenses in the state. Candidates must complete certain educational degrees, obtain professional experience, complete an application, and pass a national examination. There are many boxes to check, but there are also many resources to help you along the journey. Typical questions about psychology licensure in Vermont include:

» How do I become a psychologist in Vermont?
» I have earned a PhD or PsyD and I am ready to learn how to get a psychologist license in Vermont.
» What are Vermont’s supervised professional experience rules and regulations?
» What psychology exams are required in Vermont?
» Can I become licensed in Vermont with only a master’s degree?
» I am already a licensed psychologist in another state; how do I become licensed in Vermont by endorsement?
» How do I renew my psychology license in Vermont?
» How much do psychologists in Vermont make?

Three Steps to Becoming a Psychologist in Vermont

Becoming a licensed psychologist in Vermont can seem complicated, but with the help of this guide, you will have a clear idea of the key requirements. Before going through the psychologist license application process, you first need to complete the required undergraduate and advanced degrees. There are several psychology schools in Vermont that offer programs to help you meet state requirements. Read on below to understand the three high-level steps to becoming a psychologist in Vermont.

1. Earn a bachelor’s degree in psychology.

If you are interested in beginning the journey to becoming a licensed psychologist, you first need to complete a bachelor’s degree in psychology or a related field. Both Bachelor of Arts (BA) and Bachelor of Science (BS) degrees usually take 120 credit hours and around four full-time academic years to complete. If your degree is in a subject other than psychology, you may need to take some additional core psychology classes before starting a graduate-level psychology program.

2. Earn a master’s degree in psychology or a PsyD or PhD in psychology.

The Vermont Board of Psychological Examiners offers two types of licenses for those who earn master’s degrees or doctoral degrees in psychology. Many of the requirements for the two licenses are the same, such as the verified supervised practice hours and examinations, but the key difference lies in whether choose to complete a master’s or doctoral program. Individuals with either license can work independently as a professional psychologist in the state. However, some employers may prefer doctoral licenses, and most other states require doctoral degrees for psychologist licensure by endorsement. Depending on your career and employment goals, you may want to choose one license or the other or work as a psychologist-master before moving to a doctoral program.

“Psychologist-master” applicants are required to have either a Master of Science (MS) or Master of Arts (MA) in psychology. These programs usually range between 36 to 54 semester credits and take around two years of full-time study to complete. To qualify a candidate for licensure in Vermont, the master’s program should be offered by an institution that is a member of the Council of Applied Master’s Programs in Psychology (CAMPP).

“Psychologist-doctoral” candidates must complete a Doctor of Psychology (PsyD) or Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in psychology from a regionally accredited program. While the two degree types are similar, there are some differences in the structure of the programs. You can read about these differences on the American Psychological Association’s (APA) website. Doctoral program requirements can take anywhere from four to seven years to fulfill, depending on your previous academic history and your area of focus. Vermont requires that the doctoral program be approved by the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards and the National Register of Health Service Provides in Psychology or accredited by the APA.

For more information about the master or doctoral programs offered in Vermont, see our Psychology Schools in Vermont page.

3. Get licensed to practice psychology in Vermont.

Though fulfilling the educational requirements can take many years, there are still a few more steps you must complete before earning your psychologist license, including gaining supervised professional experience, submitting an application, and taking national and state exams. The following steps outline what else you must do to become licensed by the Board of Psychological Examiners in Vermont.

Vermont Doctoral Psychologist Licensing Process

1. Gain 4,000 hours of supervised professional experience (SPE) in your area of training.

Both psychologist-doctorate and psychologist-master candidates must complete 4,000 hours of supervised practice. You must complete pre- and post-degree hours, and no fewer than 2,000 of these hours should be completed after the advanced degree was received. These post-degree hours cannot be part of an academic program or practicum experience. You can complete a maximum of 40 hours of supervised practice per week, which requires two hours of supervision, one of which is individual supervision. Your supervisor must be a licensed psychologist and submit a
Supervision Report form and other documentation materials like the Summary of Supervised Experience to the Board. You will need to complete a disclosure on a psychologist trainee form when starting you SPE hours.

2. Submit your application to the Board.

The next step for applying for psychology licensure in Vermont, for both psychologist-doctorate and psychologist-master candidates, is to fill out an application and submit a $175 application fee. Vermont’s Office of Professional Regulation no longer accepts paper applications, so candidates must use the online licensing platform on the Vermont Secretary of State website. Through this online licensing account, you can apply for your license, check the status of your application, and, once issued, renew your license. You can find a “How To” Guide for Online Licensing in Vermont here.

In addition to the online application, you will need to request official transcripts from the institution where you received your degrees as well as the above-mentioned summaries of supervised experience (see Step 1).

An additional Application Instructions form can be found on the Forms page of the Vermont Secretary of State website.

You will also need to print out and complete the Vermont jurisprudence examination and submit a copy with your application. To pass the exam, you cannot answer more than four questions incorrectly.

3. Pass the Vermont psychology licensing exams.

If the Board approves your initial licensure application and receives your licensing fee, they will declare you eligible to sit for the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP), the national exam that tests your ability to understand and apply psychology ideas, theories, and practices. You must take the exam within 60 days of receiving approval from the Board, and the total cost of the test is $687.50.

In order to pass the EPPP, you must earn a scaled score of 500 or better. To prepare for the exam, you can take a EPPP practice exam provided by The Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards (ASPPB). The practice test can help you understand the breadth of typical questions and give you experience with taking the exam in a timed setting.

Once the Board receives all of the required materials, including your passing score on the jurisprudence exam (see Step 2 above), they will review your application at their next regular meeting.

4. Receive your license from the Board.

After the Board reviews your completed application, including your EPPP test scores, they will notify you that you have received your license. You can also check the status of your application through the state’s online licensing platform.

Vermont Licensure by Endorsement

Vermont’s Board of Psychological Examiners can issue a new license by endorsement if you are already licensed in another jurisdiction, given you meet certain requirements. You can have your previous jurisdiction demonstrate your licensure through a Verification of Licensure form. The Board must judge that the licensure requirements are substantially equivalent to those of Vermont and that you are in good standing with the American Board of Professional Psychology. In addition, you must take the state’s jurisprudence examination and submit a $175 application fee.

The Board can also grant a temporary license to psychologists licensed in another jurisdiction if the standards of that jurisdiction are deemed to equal or exceed the licensure requirements in Vermont. This license is intended for psychologists who only need to work in the state for a brief period of time; those seeking permanent Vermont licensure should not apply for this license while undergoing the initial application process. The temporary psychologist license form must be submitted with a $50 application fee and verification of licensure from your previous state or province. A temporary license is restricted to no more than 10 days or 80 hours of practice over a period of 12 months. Individuals can only apply for a maximum of two temporary licenses in their lifetime.

Licensing Renewal and Continuing Professional Education Information

Licensed psychologists in Vermont must renew their licenses every two years. Two months prior to the expiration of the license, you will receive an application for renewal. This application must be completed and returned with the $150 biennial license renewal fee.

The Board requires licensed psychologists to establish that they have completed 60 hours of continuing education (CE) activities every renewal period. A minimum of six credits must relate to professional ethics, jurisprudence, or related legal issues. These education events must be approved by the American Psychological Association, the Vermont Psychological Association, or the Vermont Board of Psychological Examiners. A database of approved courses (requires login) and CE documentation forms can be found on the Vermont Secretary of State’s website.

Vermont Psychology Jobs and Salary Information

While some employment and salary data is not available for psychologists in Vermont from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), clinical, counseling, and school psychologists in the state earn an annual average salary of $75,880.1 These positions are projected to grow in Vermont by 5.4% through 2026, which, although lower than the national average, still provides room for growth for psychologists in the state.2

OccupationNumber EmployedAverage Annual Salary
Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists460$75,880
Industrial-Organizational PsychologistsN/AN/A
Psychologists, All OtherN/AN/A
Psychology Teachers, PostsecondaryN/AN/A

Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics as of May 2017.1 Statistics for your locale may vary within this state.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does it take to become a psychologist in Vermont?

The answer can vary, depending on what licensure you are aiming to earn and other factors. All candidates must complete a four-year undergraduate degree. On top of that, psychologist-masters must complete a two-year graduate degree and psychologist-doctorates must complete a doctoral degree that can take anywhere from four to seven years. You must also complete 4,000 hours of supervised practice, at least half of which needs to be completed after your advanced degree program. All in all, becoming a licensed psychologist in Vermont can take anywhere from four to 10 years, though the exact timeline depends on your choices and educational background.

What degree do I need to be a licensed psychologist in Vermont?

According to the Vermont Board of Psychological Examiners, all candidates must complete a bachelor’s degree and either a master’s or doctoral degree. Whether you have a master’s or doctoral degree, you will be required to complete the same amount of professional experience and application materials to obtain licensure. Your employment prospects may be affected by your category of psychologist license, with some employers and institutions preferring psychologist-doctorate licenses. In addition, if you ever plan to move out-of-state, most other states require doctoral degrees for psychologist licensure by endorsement. However, if you are only able to complete a master’s degree, you can still become licensed in psychology and practice in the state of Vermont.

Can I take EPPP, the national exam, before sending in my application to the Board?

No. Vermont’s Board of Psychological Examiners must first approve you to sit for the examination. They will first require you to complete your psychology educational requirements, supervised professional experience hours, and application form. They will notify you when you have been approved to take the EPPP.

Additional Resources

  • Vermont Psychological Association (VPA) – Professional organization providing resources to licensed psychologists and advocating for the industry within the state. The VPA also hosts continuing education activities.
  • Vermont Statues Online – Official government statutes regarding professions and occupations in Vermont. Chapter 55 defines and specifies all statutes relating to psychologists.
  • Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards (ASPPB) – Professional group providing resources and guidelines for psychology licensure boards, including supervision guidelines, model regulations, and continuing education best practices.
  • American Psychological Association (APA) – Leading organization for psychology professionals in the US.

1. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, May 2017 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates, Vermont: https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_vt.htm
2. Projections Central, Long Term Occupational Projections (2016-2026): https://www.projectionscentral.org/projections/longterm